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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Abd

‘Abd (عبد) servant, worshipper, slave. Muslims consider themselves servants and slaves of God. Common Muslim names such as Abdullah (Servant of God), Abdul-Malik (Slave of the King), Abdur-Rahmān (Slave of the most Beneficent), Abdus-Salām (Slave of Peace), all refer to names of Allah.

Adab

Adab (أدب) traditionally describes good manners, as in etiquette. For example, being courteous is good adab. However, the term can be used very broadly, and the proper translation would be "the proper way to go about something," as in the example, Aadaab al Qitaal, or, "The Proper Way of Fighting in War," (Qitaal in Arabic means mortal combat) in which the word "etiquette" does not befit the context. Literally meaning literature.

al-hamdulillah

Al-hamdu lillāh (الحمد لله) "Praise be to God!" Qur'anic exclamation and also same meaning as hallelujah.

awrah

‘Awrah (عورة) the parts of the body, male or female, must be covered in public but not between spouses, such as, body parts must be concealed of a woman before non-related men.(non-related men means she can marry those men lawfully).

azaan

Ādhān (أذان) call to salat (prayer), sometimes alternatively spelled and pronounced Azaan and Adhan.

B

Barakah

Barakah (بركة) a form of blessing. Also, spiritual wisdom and blessing transmitted from master to pupil. The special favour or divine grace which is possessed by the "friends of God," a saint, or Sufi masters in particular.

Bismillah

Bismi-llāhi r-rahmāni r-rahīmi (بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم)  "In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful".

F

Fard

Fard (فرض), plural Fara’id (فرأض) a religious duty, or an obligatory action: praying 5 times a day is fard Neglecting a fard will result in a punishment in the hereafter. (See wajib)

Fard kifayah

Fard kifayah (الواجب الكفائي‎) an obligation on the Muslim community as a whole, from which some are freed if others take it up such as the funeral prayer, or salaat ul janaza.

G

ghusl

Ghusl (غسل) is an Arabic term referring to the full ablution (ritual washing) required in Islam for various rituals and prayers. The ablution becomes mandatory for any adult Muslim after having sexual intercourse, any sexual discharge (e.g. of semen), completion of the menstrual cycle, giving birth, and death by natural causes.

J

janaza

Janaza (جنازة) funeral prayer

K

ka'ba

The Kaaba (Arabic: الكعبة al-Ka'bah, "Cube") is a cuboidal building in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, and is the most sacred site in Islam.

kafanah

Kafanah - burial shrowd.

M

mahram

Mahram (محرم) a relative of the opposite gender usually described as being "within the forbidden limits"; a better description is "within the protected limits". means relatives who one can appear before without observing hijab and who one cannot marry.

makkah

Makkah also spelled Mecca (Arabic: مكة‎ Makka (in full: Arabic: مكّة المكرمة‎ Makkah al-Mukarrama) is the holiest meeting site of the Islamic religion. Islamic tradition attributes the beginning of Mecca to Ishmael's descendants. In the 7th century, the Islamic prophet Muhammad proclaimed Islam in the city, by then an important trading center, and the city played an important role in the early history of Islam. After 966, Mecca was led by local sharifs, until 1924, when it was seized by teh Saudi's. The modern day city is located in and is the capital of Saudi Arabia's Makkah Province, in the historic Hejaz region. With a population of 1.7 million (2008), the city is located 73 km (45 mi) inland from Jeddah, in a narrow valley, and 277 m (910 ft) above sea level.

Q

qibla

Qiblah (Arabic: قبلة‎, also transliterated as Kiblah) is an Arabic word for the direction that should be faced when a Muslim prays during Salah. Most mosques contain a niche in a wall that indicates the qiblah.After death, Muslims are buried with their faces in the direction of the qiblah.

S

salaat

Salah (صلاة) sala(t) any one of the daily five obligatory prayers. Sunnis regard this as the second Pillar of Islam

Salat ul janazah

Salat al-Janazah (Arabic: صلاة الجنازة‎) is the funeral prayer held by Muslims before the burial but after the shrouding of the body. The prayer is performed in congregation to seek pardon for the deceased and all dead Muslims. The Salat al-Janazah is a collective obligation upon Muslims (fard Kifayah).

W

wajib

Wajib obligatory or mandatory see fard

waqf

A waqf (Arabic: وقف‎, pronounced [wæqf]; plural Arabic: أوقاف‎, awqāf; Turkish: vakıf) is an inalienable religious endowment in Islam, typically denoting a building or plot of land for Muslim religious or charitable purposes. It is conceptually similar to the common law trust.

Z

Zikr

Dhikr (ذكر) or zikr (in Persian/Urdu) remembrance of God; spiritual exercise; Muslims believe that the primary function of prophets is to remind people of God; a devotional practice whereby the name of God is repeated in a rhythmical manner

 

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