Miraj-ul-Nabi, or Laylat ul-Miraj, is the ‘Night Journey’ of the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.s.). On this night the Prophet (s.a.w.s.) was awoken from his sleep by the Archangel Jibril who took Him from the mosque in Mecca to Mount Moriah in Jerusalem. The Dome of the Rock (al-Aqsa Mosque) in Jerusalem is built over this spot.
Here two jugs were placed before him, one containing milk and the other wine. When the Prophet (s.a.w.s.) chose the milk, Jibril said ‘You Muhammad, have been rightly guided to the true nature of man, and so will your people be. Wine is forbidden to you.’
Then the Prophet (s.a.w.s.) was taken by the angels up through the Seven Heavens to the Divine Presence of Allah, who told him that Muslims should pray fifty times each day. On the way back he met the Prophet Musa (a.s.) who asked him how many prayers the Muslims had been asked to perform. When the Prophet (s.a.w.s.) told him fifty, he said to go back and ask for the number to be reduced, as that would be too hard for people. Muhammad (s.a.w.s.) did so and Allah reduced the number by ten. This happened again and again until the number of prayers had been reduced to five. Musa (a.s.) advised the Prophet (s.a.w.s.) to return yet again, but he said ‘I have asked the Lord to reduce the number of prayers until I am ashamed. I will not ask Him again. He who performs the five prayers faithfully will have the reward of fifty prayers.’
Many of those who heard the Prophet’s account of his journey did not believe him, but he described two caravans he had seen when travelling from Jerusalem to Mecca, and when these arrived in Mecca and were just as the Prophet (s.a.w.s.) had described, the others were no longer in doubt.